Processes across the Various Knowledge Areas of Project Management 

 March 29, 2023

Written by Yemisi Iyilade, Project Management Consultant, Scientist & Innovation Expert.

Do you want to be a successful project manager? Then it’s essential to understand the different knowledge areas of project management. This is because each area requires specific tools and techniques that allow for effective planning, execution, and control throughout the phases of your projects.

In this article, we will discuss what these knowledge areas consist of, why they are essential in project management, and provide valuable tips on using them to create better outcomes.

What are knowledge areas in project management?

Project management knowledge areas refer to the various elements or topics related to project management that must be considered for successful project outcomes. This knowledge encompasses a variety of skills, tools, and techniques used to plan, execute and control the various stages of projects from start to finish.

Why are the project management knowledge areas important?

Project management knowledge areas are essential because they provide a systematic approach to projects and help project managers stay organized. By understanding the different knowledge areas, you can identify potential risks and opportunities early on, plan with clarity and precision, and track the progress of your project more efficiently. Additionally, knowledge areas can help you create knowledge-sharing systems and information repositories to ensure your team is current on the latest developments.

What are the Different processes in the Knowledge Areas of Project Management?

These are the main areas of knowledge in project management that you need to be familiar with:

1. Project Integration Management:

This involves integrating all aspects of a project, such as scope, cost, scheduling, and communication.

Processes of project integration management:

1. Develop Project Charter

2. Develop a Preliminary Project Scope Statement

3. Develop Project Management Plan

4. Direct and Manage Project Execution

5. Monitor and Control Project Work

6. Perform Integrated Change

2.Project Scope Management:

This is the planning and controlling all elements that make up a project. This includes the definition of deliverables, setting objectives, and defining tasks.

Processes of project scope management:

1. Plan Scope Management

2. Collect Requirements

3. Define the Scope

4. Create a Work Breakdown Structure

5. Validate Scope

6. Control Scope

3. Project Time Management:

This involves estimating how long it will take to complete a project and creating a timeline for the tasks. Additionally, it also involves scheduling resources and monitoring progress.

Processes of project time management:

1. Define Activities

2. Sequence Activities

3. Estimate Activity Resources

4. Estimate Activity Durations

5. Develop a Schedule

6. Control Schedule

4. Project Cost Management:

Planning and controlling the costs associated with a project. It includes the processes of estimating, budgeting, and controlling costs so that the project can be completed within the approved budget.

Processes of project cost management:

1. Plan Cost Management

2. Estimate Costs

3. Determine Budget

4. Control Costs

5. Monitor Costs

5. Project Quality Management:

This involves ensuring that the quality of a project meets its required specifications. Quality requirements are defined through knowledge areas such as cost, scope, and time management.

Processes of project quality management:

1. Plan Quality Management

2. Perform Quality Assurance

3. Control Quality

6. Project Human Resource Management:

This involves managing the people and teams involved in a project to ensure their skills are best utilized for successful completion.

Processes of project human resource management:

1. Plan Human Resource Management

2. project resource management

3. Acquire Project Team

4. Develop a Project Team

5. Manage Project Team

7. Project Communications Management:

This involves collecting, distributing, storing, and managing information throughout the lifecycle of a project.

Processes of project communications management:

1. Plan Communications Management

2. Manage Communications

3. Control Communications

8. Project Risk Management:

This involves identifying, assessing, and providing strategies to manage potential risks that could harm the project or its goals.

Processes of project risk management:

1. Plan Risk Management

2. Identify Risks

3. Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis

4. Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis

5. Plan Risk Responses

6. Monitor and Control Risks

9. Project Schedule Management:

This involves managing the timeline of a project to ensure that the project is completed on time.

Processes of project schedule management:

1. Define Activities

2. Sequence Activities

3. Estimate Activity Resources

4. Estimate Activity Durations

5. Develop a Schedule

6. Control Schedule

10. Project Communication Management:

This involves collecting, distributing, storing, and managing information throughout the lifecycle of a project.

Processes of project communication management:

1. Plan Communication Management

2. Manage Communications

3. Monitor and Control Communications

4. Resolve Issues and Report Performance

5. Project stakeholder management

6. Manage Conflict Resolution

7. Facilitate Meetings and Reviews

Benefits of Knowledge Areas of Project Management:

These are the benefits of Knowledge Areas of Project Management.

1. Improved knowledge of the project management process

2. Increased efficiency in completing tasks

3. Enhanced team collaboration

4. Greater ability to identify, manage and mitigate risks

5. Improved organizational productivity when managing projects

6. Increased customer satisfaction due to well-managed projects.

7. Increased knowledge and understanding of the project management process

8. Improved ability to monitor progress and make necessary changes quickly

9. Increased knowledge of project resources and how to best utilize them

10. Improved knowledge of how to respond quickly to changes and unexpected


There are ten knowledge areas of project management that you need to be aware of if you want to be successful in this field. In this article, we will provide an overview of each knowledge area and give you some ideas about how to get started learning more about them. Every knowledge area is important, and they all work together to help ensure the success of your projects.

The knowledge areas of project management provide a framework for managing and delivering successful projects. By understanding these knowledge areas, project managers can ensure they use the right processes, tools, and techniques to plan, manage and deliver their projects on time. By embracing the knowledge areas of project management, project managers can reduce risks, increase efficiency and produce high-quality results.


What are the 3 important elements of the scope baseline?

Setting a scope baseline creates a definite plan for successfully finishing the project and prevents any confusion that may cause delays or expensive alterations later on.

The three essential elements of a scope baseline are key to ensuring the successful completion of any project. The first is defining the project’s objectives, which provide the framework and direction for all subsequent activities.

Next, it’s important to define the deliverables that will be produced as part of the project. These should be clearly outlined, along with any necessary milestones and deadlines.

Finally, the scope baseline should include information regarding the resources needed to complete the project. This includes personnel, materials, equipment, and money that will be needed over the course of the project. Each of these elements is essential to ensure that a project is successfully completed on time and within budget.

When all three elements are properly defined, they can provide a roadmap for all those involved in the project to ensure that it meets its objectives. Properly established scope baselines are key to any successful project.

In which knowledge area do you identify stakeholders?

Stakeholder identification is a crucial step in any project. Knowing who the stakeholders are and understanding their interests, expectations, and potential impacts on the project can help to ensure that all requirements are met in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Identifying stakeholders is one of the most important tasks during the planning phase of any project, as it helps to ensure that all relevant stakeholders are involved in the project and their expectations are taken into account.

The stakeholder register is a comprehensive list of stakeholders that outlines their interests, influence, and potential impact on project objectives. By recording relevant information about each stakeholder in the register, it becomes easier to identify and manage any risks or opportunities associated with them.

What is PMBoK?

PMBoK stands for Project Management Body of Knowledge. PMBoK knowledge is an internationally recognized standard for managing projects that provides a comprehensive guide to project management knowledge areas.

Is it necessary to have the knowledge areas of project management?

It is necessary to know the knowledge areas of project management processes to plan, manage and deliver successful projects.

What is Project Procurement Management?

This is about planning when and how the project would procure resources or services to support the project.



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Yemisi Iyilade

Yemisi Iyilade is a Project Management Professional, PMP and Maxwell Leadership Coach and Trainer. She has worked in the environmental, nonprofit, and technology industries, developing new products and services, providing leadership, and facilitating meaningful engagement with stakeholders. Yemisi is driven by a mission to empower young people, women, and immigrant professionals through content delivery, coaching and training. She believes that if given the right tools and tactics, any motivated person can gain the awareness and grit needed to create better opportunities.


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